previous page next page

Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich

Wittenberg, Germany

Wroclaw, Poland

Degrees: Dr. phil., University of Leipzig, 1781; Dr. jur., University of Leipzig, 1782
Career: Studies of law at the Universities of Wittenberg and Leipzig, both in Germany; 1781 Dr. phil. and 1782 Dr. jur. in Leipzig; after the death of his father in 1782, a jurist who wanted him to study law, Chladni turned to science, choosing acoustics as his particular area of experimental investigation; devised the sand pattern technique to provide demonstrations of the vibrations of surfaces, explained in Entdeckungen über die Theorie des Klanges (1787); designed and constructed two keyboard instruments, the euphonium (1780) and the clavicylinder (1800); lecture tours to present his results in Europe capitals, famous listeners were Napoleon, Goethe, Lichtenberg, Pierre Simon Marquis de Laplace and Siméon Denis Poisson; discovered in astronomical studies the space as source of meteors; died traveling in 1827.
Selected works: Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. 1830. Die Akustik. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel Chladni, Ernst Florens Friedrich. 1826. Ueber Töne bloss durch schnell auf einander folgende Stösse, ohne einen klingenden Körper. Annalen der Physik und Chemie 8: 453-460
search the library or the technology database
Sources: DSB ; ADB ; NDB ; Finscher, Ludwig [Ed.]. 1994-2003. Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart: allgemeine Enzyklopädie der Musik. Kassel: Bärenreiter
previous page next page
ISSN 1866-4784: reference - xlink