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Guinea Pig

  Figures   1: Brehm, Alfred Edmund (1865);
Description Source Text

Some hide in holes inside hollow tree trunks, in rifts, hedges and thickets, others hide in holes that other animals dug or that they bore themselves. Almost all of them live sociably and are more active at the night than during the day.

Their diet is based on all sorts of plants: grass, herbs, flowers, leaves, roots, cabbage, seeds, fruits and bark of trees. While eating, they sit vertically on their hind parts and hold the food with their front paws.

Their movements are agile, although their usual walking pace is rather slow. However, they can run fast if necessary and some varieties are even very quick. Many of them also go in water, swimming with great agility and stamina.

We suppose that they were brought from South America, but South Americans claim that they came from Europe. Thus, these animals suffer the same fate as all other domestic animals: they are homeless.
  Source: Brehm, Alfred Edmund. 1865. Illustrirtes Thierleben: eine allgemeine Kunde des Thierreichs. Zweiter Band. Erste Abtheilung: Die Säugethiere. Zweite Hälfte: Beutelthiere und Nager. Zahnarme, Hufthiere und Seesäugethiere. view the source
  Related Documents    
  Sites   Department of Physiological Chemistry, Yale University (1925)
Hamilton Station, Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory (1953)
Laboratory of Animal Psychology, Harvard University (1914)
Laboratory of Psychology, University of Rochester (1936)
Physiological Institute, University of Marburg (1887)
Physiological Institute, University of Berlin (1886)
Physiological Institute, University of Heidelberg (1858)
Physiological Institute, University of Berlin (1890)
Institute of Physiology, University of Buenos Aires (1930)
Department of Physiology, Western Reserve University (1925)
Institute of Physiology, University of Louvain (1927)
Institute of Physiology, University of Marburg (1890)
Psychologal Laboratory, Harvard University (1906)
Institute of Physiology, University of Concepción (1928)
Department of Physiology, University of Chicago (1931)
International Physiological Laboratory, Capanna Regina Margherita on Monte Rosa (1904)
Grand Ducal Saxon Veterinary Institute (1917)
  Instruments   ?Head holder for rabbits, guinea pigs and little young dogs according to Doc. (?)Dr. Steinach? (1893)
  Further Reading:   - Abderhalden, Emil. 1899. Die Beziehungen der Zusammensetzung der Asche des Säuglings zu derjenigen der Asche der Milch beim Meerschweinchen. Zeitschrift für Physiologische Chemie 27: 356-367
- Andral. 1823. Über die Saamenblasen des Meerschweinchens, und die darin enthaltene Flüssigkeit im Vergleich mit der im Saamengange enthaltenen: Magendie's Journ. de Physiol., T. I, p. 74 ff. Deutsches Archiv für die Physiologie 8: 467-468
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ISSN 1866-4784: reference - xlink