Pudovkin's Mechanics of the brain - continued...
That Pudovkin intentionally feedbacks each place of action by the focus of his camera is almost obvious. There was nothing in these one and a half years of shooting to be left to pure chance. The director "has to make accidental material useful [...], then the will of the director transforms reality [...]". An understanding which Pudovkin came up with while filming the see lions in the zoo.
Linking nature to hospital and laboratory to studio is Pudovkin's comment on
their status in the process of research and cognition. This becomes easier to
understand when considering such basic texts of experimental physiology like
Claude Bernard's "Introduction into the study of
experimental medicine" and its theoretical pillars - observation, chance,
repetition, verification, doubt, idea. Bernard's experimental praxis became
familiar to Russian physiology in the 1860s via Ivan
Secenov, who studied physiology in French and German Laboratories and
whose publication in the West was once even sponsored by Claude Bernard.
Sechenov is known as the "Father of Russian Physiology" and the forerunner of
Ivan Pavlov. With his dissertation work "Reflexes of the brain" (1863) he drew a
crucial thematical line between the french scholar and the "Mechanics of the
Reference: Vöhringer, Margarete. 2001. Pudovkin's "Mechanics of the brain" - Film as physiological Experiment.. The Virtual Laboratory (ISSN 1866-4784), https://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/references?id=art5&page=p0005