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Ingen-Housz [Ingenhousz], Jan

Breda, Netherlands

Bowood Park, UK

Degrees: Dr. med. (1753)
Career: son of a leather merchant and pharmacist, Ingen-Housz was educated at Breda Latin School; studies at University of Louvain - Löwen (M.D. in 1753); 1754 move to University of Leiden to study medicine, anatomy and physics under Gaubius, pupil of Boerhaave, following medical practice at Breda; physical and chemical experimentation; in 1764 move to England, esp. London; work as physician, from 1766 onwards at the Foundling Hospital dealing with smallpox inoculation; 1768 move to Vienna (inoculation of the Royal family; court physician); travels through Austrian empire to teach and practice inoculation; 1771 move to Paris where he was admitted to the Royal Society; 1772 return to Vienna; 1778 famous experiments on photosynthesis and plant respiration near London, following Priestley, Senebier, Scheele and others, which were published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Some Farther Considerations on the Influence of the Vegetable Kingdom on the Animal Creation (1782); studies in plant nutrition and the chemistry of plant growth, leading to the publication An essay on the food of plants and the renovation of soils (1796); further and detailed experiments on photosynthesis; studies on electricity and magnetism following Franklin's work
Selected works: Ingen-Housz, Jan. 1779. Experiments upon vegetables, discovering their great power of purifying the common air in the sunshine and of injuring it in the shade and at night; to which is joined, a new method of examining the accurate degree of salubrity of the atmosphere. London: P. Elmsly Ingen-Housz, Jan. 1796. An essay on the food of plants and the renovation of soils. London Fischer, Gotthelf und Alexander von Humboldt, eds. 1798. J. Ingenhousz über Ernährung der Pflanzen und Fruchtbarkeit des Bodens. Leipzig: Schäferische Buchhandlung
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Sources: DSB ; NDB
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ISSN 1866-4784: reference - xlink